336-km From Jodhpur, Rajasthan
Built In:1727 AD
Significance: Capital City of Rajasthan State
Best Season: October To March
Local Transport: Tourist taxis and RTDC buses are available.
Jaipur is enveloped by rugged hills and enclosed within a wall
that has seven gates. Within these walls are some of the
finest examples of Rajasthani and Mughal architecture. The Old
City is also known as the "Pink City" as the entire city was
painted pink on the orders of Maharaja Man Singh II when the
Prince of Wales visited Jaipur in 1876, as pink is the color
of festivity in Jaipur.
Jaipur was founded
by Maharaja Jai Singh II in the 18th century. The city was
carefully planned and built according to the ancient Hindu
treatise on architecture. Apart from being a diplomatic
warrior, Jai Singh had interests in astronomy. The amazing
observatory, Jantar Mantar, was built by him.
JAIPUR - THE PINCK CITY TOURS
The Rose Pink City founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II
(1693-1743), is the capital of Rajasthan. It is a major
attraction for the first-time visitor. Jaipur is surrounded on
all sides by rugged hills, crowned with forts & enclosed by
embattled walls. Houses with latticed windows line the streets
with their rose pink colour, lending enchantment to the scene,
which is almost magical at sunset.
The Old City (Known as the Pink City) is a great place to
wander around. The whole city was painted in Pink colour by
Maharaja Man Singh II when Prince of Wales, later Edward VII,
visited Jaipur in 1876 AD. Today, every home within the city
is obliged by law to maintain its facade. It is a very well
planned city laid out in a grid pattern and was designed by a
young Bengali engineer and scholar by the name "Vidyadhar
Jaipur was and remains the only city in the world, symbolising
the nine divisions of the universe, through nine rectangular
sectors sub-dividing it. Jaipur is a royal city & this is its
most noticeable aspect, small buildings & festivals testify
Jaipur & its surroundings are rather like an endless museum.
The city also offers an endless variety of crafts. Jewellers
here still fashion the beautiful enamel-on-gold pendants,
studded on the reverse with precious stones or pearls &
turquoise that one sees in miniature paintings. Jaipur's
lacquer bangles are famous all over the world. This is a city
to be visited.
Sightseeing in Jaipur
Amer Palace: The magnificent fort with its huge
ramparts & watchtowers, overlooking the Delhi-Jaipur Highway.
It is believed to have been the capital of the "Minas", the
original inhabitants of Rajasthan.
City Palace: Nakkarkhana-ka-Darwaza, the imposing gateway
of the City Palace guarded by stone elephants, is monumental.
Hawa Mahal: A Pandora's box of wonders, the
enchanting Hawa Mahal is a multi-layered palace, with a
profusion of windows and stone screens.
Jai Garh: Built on a peak, Jai Garh overlooks the
palace & city of Amber below. Jal Mahal is Jaipur's lake
palace. It is surrounded with water.
Nahargarh Fort: Originally called Sudarshan Garh,
it affords a splendid view of Jaipur.
Jantar Mantar: The amazing astronomical three-storey-high
observatory, of an 18th century Rajasthani king, named Jai
Bairath (86-km on the Shahpura-Alwar Road): An important
historical place with the excavated remains of a circular
Buddhist temple - unique in Rajasthan and the earliest known
temple in India. Bairath also has relics of the Mauryan,
Mughal and Rajput periods. A mint constructed by Akbar, a
beautiful Mughal garden and a remarkable monument with painted
'chhatris' and wall built by Jahangir, are other attractions.
Galta (2.5-km): Beyond the gardens amidst the low hill
guarding the city lies the old pilgrim centre of Galtaji.
Temples, pavilions and holy 'kunds' (natural springs and
reservoirs) dot the serene green landscape. The small temple
of the Sun god, built by Diwan Kriparam on top of the highest
peak, is visible form all parts of the city.
Ramgarh Lake (32-km north-east): A huge artificial lake
created by constructing a high dam amidst tree covered hills.
While the temple of Jamwa Mata and the ruins of the old fort
are some of its antiquities, its beautiful landscape makes it
an idyllic picnic spot.
Samode (40-km north-west): The beautiful Samode Palace, has
been rebuilt and renovated and provides a fine example of the
Rajput haveli architecture. It is an ideal spot for outings.
Vidyadhar's Garden: Nestled in a narrow valley, this beautiful
garden was built in honour of Jai Singh's chief architect and
Government Central Museum: This is the oldest museum in the
state. The buiding, designed by Colonel Sir Swinton Jacob is
located in the centre of the sprawling Ram Niwas Bagh, built
in 1876 AD. When King Edward VII visited India as the Prince
of Wales, it was opened to public in 1886.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: Jaipur has its own airport, and is well
connected to all other tourist and business centres.
Rail: An excellent connection to Delhi by Shatabdi Express and
the Pink City Express. Other connections to Jaipur are from
Bikaner, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Ahemadabad, Secunderabad and
Road: A network of reasonably comfortable tourist buses, run
by road corporations of Rajasthan, Haryana and others.